Seven Emirates of UAE: Middle East’s Wealthiest State

United Arab Emirates (UAE), a prominent Middle East nation, was initially known as the Trucial States but got rebranded in 1971. The Trucial States were earlier comprised of only six regions, namely Dubai, Sharjah, Al Fujayrah, Ajman, Abu Dhabi, and Quwain. After all these six states earned their freedom from the British in 1971, they made an alliance to represent a consolidated nation and renamed themselves as the United Arab Emirates. At first, Ras al-Khaimah refused to sign the treaty and become a part of the UAE. However, in 1972, the state joined the other six regions in the federation. Thus, 7 Emirates of UAE were formed.

In terms of governance, a Federal Supreme Council oversees UAE’s running, where seven emirates are represented by their seven leaders. Every emirate representative allocates a certain amount of budget to the development of the UAE.

After joining the forces, UAE has seen tremendous growth in its economic stature in the world, partly due to oil exports from the region and partly due to the development work that has accelerated the growth of all the 7 UAE emirates. As one of the major oil exporters in the Middle East, UAE has heavily diversified its region to include retail, finance, technology, and tourism.

7 Emirates of UAE

The meaning of emirate is a political territory that is governed or ruled by a dynastic or monarch style head of the state.


The second-largest Emirates, among all the seven, Dubai has an estimated population of 3.38 million as per the official data available on the Dubai Government website. It is also the most preferred foreign destination in UAE among immigrants for its developed economy and better living conditions.

The major reason for the progress of Dubai as one of the developed Emirates is trade and tourism. The state brings in a majority of its GDP from these two sections as Dubai’s oil reserves are exhausted and contribute less than 2% of its GDP.

Even the geographical location of Dubai adds to its growing popularity and economy as it extracts a vast majority of resources from the sea, making it a hub of fishing, pearling, and trade.

Recently, Dubai Shopping Festival 2020 is going on in the state. You can read all about it on our website.

Abu Dhabi

Right after Dubai comes Abu Dhabi, the capital city of UAE. It has an estimated population of 3.23 million and is the second-largest emirate in UAE. Unlike Dubai, Abu Dhabi extracts most of its revenue from oil exports and petroleum products, making it one of the world’s wealthiest emirates.

This city is also opposite of Dubai in terms of its cultural approach; while Dubai is westernized, Abu Dhabi is more inclined toward cultural aspects. The tourism sector of Abu Dhabi of UAE is also focused on a cultural visit to the Sheikh Zayed Mosque, sandy beaches, Yas Island, and the famous Ferrari World Abu Dhabi.


The third most populous emirate in UAE is Sharjah, with nearly 1.51 million residents. For sharing its border with Dubai. Sharjah’s working people prefer to choose high paying jobs in Dubai while staying in Sharjah for their reasonable living expenses. It also has several educational institutes, making it possible to harbor the latest science, technology, medicine, and engineering talent to contribute to economic growth.

Even Sharjah has progressed tremendously in terms of the economy and tourism sector. The state is popular for its ban on alcohol unless a person has a personal alcohol license.


Smallest in size and fourth-largest in population, Ajman is a major tourist attraction with heritage and cultural destinations, shopping malls, and hotels. Even the commercial sections of Ajman are developed as the city holds offices of the Ruler along with government banks and several national and international retail stores.

Ras Al Khaimah

Located in the Northern part of UAE, Ras Al Khaimah is the fifth most populous emirate. With a population of around 191,753, out of which, 31% constitutes Emirati citizens. Like Ajman, Ras Al Khaimah also does not have any oil fields, turning the city’s government’s eyes to the industrial sector for economic growth. Mainly, tourism, retail, real estate, manufacturing, and agriculture contribute heavily to the city’s economy.


Fujairah is the second least populous city among the 7 emirates of UAE and one of the least developed emirates. As it has not developed highly like Dubai or Abu Dhabi, Fujairah depends on the government grants from Abu Dhabi. Most of the citizens of the state work in the public or government sector.

Umm Al Quwain

The least populous of all the seven emirates of UAE is Umm Al Quwain. Unlike other top-ranking Emirates, Umm Al Quwain has not made a concrete finding of any oil reserves, making it rely on tourism, park, hotel, and retail revenue for its economy.

Population Statistics Source: Global Media Insight


An Engineer by education, and a writer by profession, Ritika lives her life in stories. Her never-ending love for narratives encouraged her to turn her passion into a profession. In more than 4 years of working as a content writer, she has contributed to building content for a reputed technology magazine and a few start-ups.

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