UNESCO World Heritage Tour Sites in Egypt

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UNESCO World Heritage Centers in Egypt

The world is struggling with a pandemic that is nowhere near its end. Nevertheless, that does not mean that you cannot virtually travel to one of the best tourist destinations in the world. Famous for its rich culture and exciting ancient history, Egypt is on the bucket list of every history lover who isn’t afraid of mummies.

However, did you know that Egypt is not just about pyramids and the history that comes with it? It is a vast land with many travel gems hidden within the city that is recognized as UNESCO world heritage centers. It is one of those places in the world that has kept the great civilizations of history alive through repeated efforts while still staying at par with the modern advancements.

What Are UNESCO World Heritage Sites?

Every nation has many places and historical monuments that carry high significance and value. For scientific, cultural, and ethical views, these sites are important to convey the country’s rich history and environment to its own citizens and tourists. Besides man-made, there are several natural landmarks and earned the badge of UNESCO world heritage for the cultural significance they carry to the people and the nation.

To be selected as a UNESCO world heritage site, the landmark should be unique and geographically and historically identifiable. The site must also contain special importance to the citizens and culture of the nation it is located in; mainly, historical monuments, cities, portraits, deserts, forests, gardens, lakes, islands, and ancient ruins are recognized as world heritage sites by UNESCO for their resemblance to the gone past.

As of June 2020, there are 1,121 world heritage sites recognized by UNESCO, which are all situated across 167 countries, which China, Spain, and Italy have the largest number of UNESCO world heritage sites.

Famous UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Egypt

The Pyramid Fields of Gaza

How can the list of UNESCO world heritage sites of Egypt ever begin without mentioning the Pyramid of Giza? Everyone knows that Egypt is home to the interesting pyramids and mysterious Sphinx built to lay the late kings or pharaohs along with all their earthly possessions (including army men, gold, clothes, servants, and much more items) they might need in the afterlife. Pyramid of Giza is the largest and most famous of all the pyramids built in Egypt; it also the last standing wonder of the ancient world. Built for the Pharaoh Cheops, the construction of the Giza pyramid took over 100,000 laborers working hard for nearly 20.

The Saladin Citadel

Cairo, the capital city of Egypt, is known for its busy and bustling streets with high rise buildings and a modern lifestyle. It is also one of the most ancient cities in the nation, with several famous mosques, madrassas, and fountains. The Saladin Citadel is situated in Egypt and was founded in the 10th century, eventually becoming the Islamic world center. The citadel reached its peak in the late 14th century and has many mosques, with the grandest being the Mohammed Ali fort.

Valley of Whales

All the above-mentioned UNESCO sites in Egypt are human-made, but the Valley of Whales in a natural habitat is dubbed as a UNESCO site. This area consists of the rarest fossilized remains of an extinct whale species. These fossils helped scientists to conclude and prove that whales originally evolved from land mammals to ocean species. The location is 193 km outside Cairo and attracts only a few thousand visitors compared to other Egypt sites. However, visitors can still entire whale skeletons nestled in the earth.

St. Catherine’s Monastery

Located at the foot of Mount Sinai (Moses was believed to have received the Ten Commandments there) and one of the oldest monasteries globally, St. Catherine’s Monastery is a sacred site to Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. There are several ancient paintings and religious icons that visitors can relish their eyes upon. One of the most famous religious items is the 12th-century painting of the Ladder of Divine Ascent, which is kept for display for the viewers.

Ancient Thebes

Now in the luxury city of Luxor, Thebes was once the New Kingdom of Egypt and home to the country’s then wealthiest citizens. Although a modern city now, the ancient ruins and temples of the past are still intact, and visitors can freely walk around them like visiting an open-air museum. There are several temples built in the city, with the most famous one being the Luxor Temple built around 1400 BC dedicated to Amun Ra, the King of the Gods. Additionally, the Avenue of Sphinxes, the Karnak Temples, the Great Temple of Amun, the Temple of Khonsu, and the Temple of Ptah are all worth visiting.

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